According to the USDA Forest Service, there are an estimated 129 million dead trees over a territory of 8.9 million acres across California
The total number of fires has remained steady and even decreased. What’s changed as of late is the uptick in huge infernos that cause widespread devastation.
It’s hard not to see the connection between this increase in wildfires and the land management policy changes that have occurred since the 1970s.
Laws like the National Environmental Policy Act and the Endangered Species Act, according to Rep. Tom McClintock, R-Calif., “have resulted in endlessly time-consuming and cost-prohibitive restrictions and requirements that have made the scientific management of our forests virtually impossible.”
These laws, and others like them, have drastically reduced the amount of forest thinning and controlled burns that used to effectively keep wildland from becoming a danger to people and property.
“One problem for landowners is disposing of deadwood. Dozens of biomass facilities that burn tree parts that can’t be used for lumber have closed due to emissions regulations and competition from subsidized renewables and cheap natural gas,” wrote The Wall Street Journal.
It’s ironic, The Wall Street Journal noted, that while environmentalists support these laws, “destruction from fires imperils species far more than does regulated tree-clearing.”
Former California Assemblyman Chuck DeVore, who now lives in Texas, explained how land management has changed dramatically in the last century and why it’s contributing to the increase in large fires.
Chuck DeVore@ChuckDeVoreIn the mid-1800s, at the dawn of photography, photos showed an open California landscape with isolated stands of pines and oak. The Native population used fire to clear land so there would be game animals and other food. #CaliforniaFires 1/
In the mid-1800s, at the dawn of photography, photos showed an open California landscape with isolated stands of pines and oak. The Native population used fire to clear land so there would be game animals and other food. #CaliforniaFires 1/ 27 6:34 PM – Nov 10, 2018
Not only have poor policies made land management more difficult for the government, according to DeVore, but they’ve decimated the value of the land to the point that private operators have no incentive to promote an active, healthy land management.
There is now more dead plant matter in California than ever before.
DeVore wrote in Forbes:
Federal lands have not been managed for decades, threatening adjacent private forests, while federal funds designated for forest maintenance have been ‘borrowed’ for fire suppression expenses. The policies frequently reduce the economic value of the forest to zero. And, with no intrinsic worth remaining, interest in maintaining the forest declined, and with it, resources to reduce the fuel load.
An awesome amount of forest made wide swaths of California a tinderbox just waiting for a spark.
According to the USDA Forest Service, there are an estimated 129 million dead trees over a territory of 8.9 million acres across California—a fact that even liberal Vox brought attention to as a major concern. And this doesn’t even account for the shrubs and brush that have been the primary contributors to the most recent fires.
While new challenges have arisen as California and other states grow in population, it’s inexcusable to say that we can’t do as good a job at land management as Americans did a century ago or Native Americans did centuries ago.
There are plenty of ideas to turn around the disaster out West, from abandoning extreme and ultimately misguided environmentalist regulations to devolving land management from federal to state and local authorities, to even more entrepreneurial solutions like creating more privately managed charter forests.
It’s impossible and even undesirable to prevent all fires, but the fact is we can do a better job of taking steps to prevent the worst ones from spinning out of control.
No change can fix this long-term problem over night, but the increasingly large and deadly fires in the West don’t have to be the new normal.
Trump was right to point that out.